The University of Wisconsin School of Medicine and Public Health is home to the UW Carbone Cancer Center and McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research.

The Carbone Cancer Center is Wisconsin's only comprehensive cancer as designated by the National Cancer Institute, signifying excellence in patient care, laboratory and clinical research, and cancer-related professional and public education initiatives.

The McArdle Laboratory for Cancer Research was founded in 1940 as the first basic science cancer center in an academic institution in the United States. It is focused on reseach aimed at the causes and biology of cancer and training graduate students and postdoctoral scientists.

Carbone and McArdle researchers have labs in the Wisconsin Institutes for Medical Research, allowing for close collaboration.