Undergraduate education

University of Wisconsin-Madison, BS, 2002

Years in MSTP



Physiology, 2011


Gordon Mitchell, PhD

Thesis title

Spinal mechanisms of respiratory motor plasticity


Internal medicine, University of Iowa, 2012-2014


Pulmonary disease and critical care medicine, University of Iowa, 2014-2017

Current position

Physician, Department of Respiratory Care – Pulmonology, Mercy Iowa City, Iowa

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PhD publications

Hoffman MS, Nichols NL, Macfarlane PM, Mitchell GS. Phrenic long term facilitation following acute intermittent hypoxia requires spinal ERK activation but not TrkB synthesis. J Appl Physiol. 2012 Oct 15;113(8):1184-93. PMID: 22961271; PMCID: PMC3472488.

Lovett-Barr MR, Satriotomo I, Muir GD, Wilkerson JE, Hoffman MS, Vinit S, Mitchell GS. Repetitive intermittent hypoxia induces respiratory and somatic motor recovery after chronic cervical spinal injury. J Neurosci. 2012 Mar 14;32(11):3591-600. PMID: 22423083; PMCID: PMC3349282.

Hoffman MS, Mitchell GS. Spinal 5-HT7 receptor activation induces long-lasting phrenic motor facilitation. J Physiol. 2011 Mar 15;589(Pt 6):1397-407. PMID: 21242254; PMCID: PMC3082099.

Dale-Nagle EA, Hoffman MS, MacFarlane PM, Satriotomo I, Lovett-Barr MR, Vinit S, Mitchell GS. Spinal plasticity following intermittent hypoxia: implications for spinal injury. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2010 Jun;1198:252-9. PMID: 20536940; PMCID: PMC3030965.

Dale-Nagle EA, Hoffman MS, MacFarlane PM, Mitchell GS. Multiple pathways to long-lasting phrenic motor facilitation. Adv Exp Med Biol. 2010;669:225-30. PMID: 20217354; PMCID: PMC3021942.

Hoffman MS, Golder FJ, Mahamed S, Mitchell GS. Spinal adenosine A2(A) receptor inhibition enhances phrenic long term facilitation following acute intermittent hypoxia. J Physiol. 2010 Jan 1;588(Pt 1):255-66. PMID: 19900961; PMCID: PMC2821563.

Golder FJ, Ranganathan L, Satriotomo I, Hoffman M, Lovett-Barr MR, Watters JJ, Baker-Herman TL, Mitchell GS. Spinal adenosine A2a receptor activation elicits long-lasting phrenic motor facilitation. J Neurosci. 2008 Feb 27;28(9):2033-42. PMID: 18305238.

Wilkerson JE, Macfarlane PM, Hoffman MS, Mitchell GS. Respiratory plasticity following intermittent hypoxia: roles of protein phosphatases and reactive oxygen species. Biochem Soc Trans. 2007 Nov;35(Pt 5):1269-72. PMID: 17956327.

Hoffman MS, Mitchell GS. Spinal 5-HT7 receptors and protein kinase A constrain intermittent hypoxia-induced phrenic long-term facilitation. Neuroscience. 2013 Oct 10;250:632-43. PMID: 23850591; PMCID: PMC3833466.