An applicant must successfully complete requirements of both the UW-Madison Graduate School and the Master of Genetic Counselor Studies program (MGCS) to be considered a qualified applicant.

Most applicants have a balanced set of experiences, clear communication skills and strong letters of recommendations as well as high academic achievement. Strong applicants demonstrate an insightful process toward their career development and a high level of maturity.

Students posing for a picture
Genetic counseling students from the classes of 2019 and 2020.

Bachelor's degree

Applicants must have a bachelor's degree. Although a specific major is not required, most applicants have a degree in a biological science (e.g. biology, genetics, biochemistry).


The average GPA of admitted students is 3.5. In following the Graduate School’s requirements for admission, a minimum undergraduate grade-point average (GPA) of 3.00 on the equivalent of the last 60 semester hours (approximately two years of work) or a master's degree with a minimum cumulative GPA of 3.00 is required. If a student has an undergraduate GPA less than 3.0, coursework completed after graduation demonstrating a higher GPA will be considered.

Academic coursework

An applicant must complete courses in statistics, biochemistry, and advanced genetics. An appropriate biochemistry course generally requires prerequisites that include at least one semester of chemistry and organic chemistry. An example of an appropriate biochemistry course at UW-Madison would include Biochem 501 – Introduction to Biochemistry. Advanced genetic courses are typically designed for life science majors (e.g. biology, genetics, or molecular and cell biology majors). The courses at UW that would be comparable include: Genetics 467 and Genetic 468. Generally, having only one introductory genetics course intended for non-science majors is not sufficient. We encourage students to take as many relevant genetics and biology courses as possible to strengthen their application. All required courses should be taken prior to applying as it is difficult to evaluate courses “in progress” at the time of application.

Since many colleges have gone solely with pass/fail grading, the MGCS program will accept pass/fail grades for spring 2020 through spring 2021 semesters with no disadvantage to the applicant.


The GRE is no longer required. Please do not submit your GRE scores with your application.

Test of English as a foreign language (TOEFL)

As per the requirements of the Graduate School, "Every applicant whose native language is not English, or whose undergraduate instruction was not in English, must provide an English proficiency test score." Given that the profession of genetic counseling is highly dependent on excellent communication skills, applicants must have a high degree of fluency in verbal and written communication. Strong candidates have TOEFL scores approaching 110 (iBT). TOEFL scores less than 100 (iBT) will not be considered for admission.

Genetic counselor observation/exposure

Observation of a genetic counselor(s) is a good method to learn more about the profession. This process is to help one identify if the field of genetic counseling is a good fit with one's personal and career goals. Recognizing that in person clinical experience is not always possible especially given current concerns due to COVID-19, several other options are reasonable. Simulated genetic counseling sessions are available on the National Society of Genetic Counselors website as well as virtual webinars and conferences addressing genetic counseling topics. Interviewing genetic counselors from a wide range of specialties and participation in online classes dedicated to learning more about the profession are valuable. Consider learning more about genetic conditions and the impact on the person and family through literature and support organizations. Please list such experience in your resume/CV.

Advocacy or counseling experience

Given the nature of this profession, having experience in advocacy or counseling is of significant value. Such experience helps one appreciate and develop interpersonal communication skills, have a better understanding of the patient or person's experience, and to have a better understanding of the healthcare system or other public service system. Applicants typically have experiences from many different settings including: Planned Parenthood, domestic abuse shelters, crisis hotlines, peer counseling, homeless shelters, hospice care, or working with individuals with physical disabilities or intellectual impairment.

Letters of recommendation

Three letters of recommendation are required that demonstrate one’s academic, professional and advocacy strengths.   

Other experiences

As noted on the National Society of Genetic Counselors website, applicants often engage in various types of experiences outside of the typical classroom. Experiences should aid in their decision to pursue a career in genetic counseling. Most applicants have held various types of jobs, completed research or laboratory work, or volunteered with various organizations such as Special Olympics.


Candidates selected for an interview will be notified via email in mid-February. Interviews will be held virtually in late February and early March.

Other application considerations

There will be space on the application to discuss how planned experiences were effected by COVID-19 and what steps the applicant took to gain knowledge of the profession despite the inability to shadow in clinical settings.

The MGCS leadership team appreciates how difficult the public health crisis related to the COVID-19 pandemic has been for potential applicants. Our staff and admissions committee understand the issues you have faced during the past years and will adjust our assessment of applications and applicants as needed.

Non-discrimination policy
The University of Wisconsin-Madison is committed to providing equal opportunity and equal access and to complying with all applicable federal and state laws and regulations and UWS and university non-discrimination policies and procedures.